2020年02月29日 Saturday 农历 庚子年(鼠)二月初七

美国留学必备口语知识-美国年轻人常用口头禅

发布时间:2014-09-03 点击量:787

1. It's cool:cool 是青少年(teen-agers) 常用的字,(有时也用 debonaire) 其真正意思是指可以接受的好事;或是情况可以控制;或是保持冷静、文雅、礼貌、外表不错,能够合乎年轻人的标准。(可指人或事物)也就是 something good or acceptable;situation is under control;being calm, gentle, courteous or good-looking;meet teen's standard. 所以可以说:

That's cool;he is cool;this is cool.

Skydiving (或surfing) is cool.(跳伞或冲浪运动很不错)

主词可用任何人称的单复数 (I, we, they 等),动词可用 verb to be 的任何时态 (is, was, were, will be, have been等)。因此,也可以说:

She (He) was cool in the past.

That's a cool T-shirt.(好看的运动衫)

He (she) is a cool person.(文雅礼貌的人)

但是如果说:Are you cool?又是指「你冷吗?」(cool = cold),可见 cool 当口头禅或俚语时,多半不用在问句。假如说:

She looks as cool as a cucumber. 又是恭维语,是说她很 calm and charming; not emotional. 但为何用黄瓜 (cucumber) 代表,则不得而知(衣人注:应该是幽默的说法,类似的用法还有:as busy as a bee,etc)。

(注:许多华人把 cool 译成「很酷」)

2. Are you trippin'?:trippin' 这个字,是由动词 trip 演变而来。(动词时态是:tripped, tripping)年轻人用省略符号 (apostrophe ) 代替 g,表示是 slang,或口头禅。这个字是现在分词当形容词用,是指行为异乎寻常,也许受到吸毒或喝酒的影响,而显得神魂颠倒、奇形怪状(to get high on drug such as LSD),也就是说:要不是受到药、酒的影响,你为什 显得这样古怪呢?(Are you under any influence of drug or alcoholic? Why are you so crazy and bizarre?) 所以可以说:

They are trippin'. (= tripping)

She (he) is trippin'.

Mr. A must be trippin'.

通常只用在年轻人身上,而且不是恭维语。

3. He is a nerd:nerd 是指一些年轻人,每天只懂读书、考试,但对生活上的其他事情,都很生疏。 (A person always buries his nose in books, but not good at social situations.)

由於美国十分重视多方面发展的教育 (well-rounded),所以许多老外认为 nerd 虽然学识不错,但很乏味;有IQ,但缺乏EQ,只是社会上无足轻重的「书虫」或「蠢货」而已。(IQ = Intelligence Quotient ; EQ = Emotional Quotient)

nerd 可用复数,动词也能用其他时态。因此可以说:

He used to be a nerd in high school. (过去他在高中时是位书呆子)

Many Chinese students are(或 have been)considered nerds.

至於 geek 这个字,虽然与 nerd 相似,年轻人也常用,但 geek 是指在某一方面有很高的 IQ。我们可以说:

He is a computer geek. (意思是:虽然他是书呆子,但电脑很棒)

另外,年轻人还用 jerk 这个字,通常是指没有社交技巧,头脑简单或古怪,令人讨厌的家伙(annoying person),如果你不喜欢一个人,就可以说:

I don't like him because he is a jerk.

也可以用复数:

Many jerks are working in our company.

主词也可以用其他人称,动词也可用其他时态:

They are jerks; He was a jerk in the past; Mr. A has been jerk for years.

(注:有时年轻人也用 dork 这个字,但不如 jerk 流行)

4. Yo baby:Yo baby 是许多年轻的黑人男子对女子的招呼语,也有人用“Yo baby, yo baby yo”,由于女子很漂亮,很吸引人,他想与她交谈。(He thinks she is pretty and attractive, so he wants to speak to her.),也就是找话题,想要「打开话匣」。(to use as a form of opening line or pick-up line or to begin a greeting; try to know her or date her) 如果说:

Yo baby, are you trippin'? 意思是:漂亮的姑娘,你的样子有点怪里怪气,有什么心事吗?

“Yo baby" 后面可跟任何可以「打开话匣」的句子。诸如:May I help you with something?

I think I have met you somewhere before.

同理,如果年轻女子看到帅哥,有吸引力,很想与他交谈,那 就用:“Hey, hey, hey" 后跟任何可以「打开话匣」的句子。诸如:

Hey, hey, hey, what's going on?“what is going on?”就是年轻黑人打招呼的用语 (a form of greeting or open statement) 或

Hey, hey, hey, are you going to the movie?(帅哥,你是去看电影吗?)

5. Catch you later!这是年轻人说「再会」的口语。(a form to say“good-bye”) 也就是说:现在没有时间与你交谈,以后再谈吧!(I don't have time to talk with you now, but we can talk later.)

因此,catch 就是 talk 或 contact 的意思。catch 后面,也可用其他人称代名词(him, her, them 等)

有时年轻小伙子也用:I am off. 意思就是:I am leaving now; I'll talk to you again. (我要走了,再谈吧!)